India is a fascinating country for international citizens. It is one of the most populated countries in the world with very rich natural resources and cultural diversity. Upon your visit there, you will not only be greeted by beautiful landscapes. Many people there still live according to their traditional customs. It will be such an experience to see those values clearly in day to day live. Another thing that makes India an interesting country is its politics. This country was occupied by England in the past and you can see this piece of history shapes the country.
The country adopts democratic republic system
as it main governing form. Its legislative branch is parliamentary with bicameral system: Lok Sabha (lower house or House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (upper house or Council of the States). President as the head of legislative branch has the authority to summon both houses for hearings. The Lok Sabha consists of 543 representatives which are elected from constituencies by the people. Meanwhile, Rajya Sabha consists of 245 representatives. Twelve out of those 245 members are chosen by the president.
Discussing about political parties in India is such a complicated affair. Since the country established its independence from Britain in 1947, the number of political parties formed by its people is very high. Data shows that there are more than 200 parties established. Some of them had been abolished over the time because they simply did not gain enough followers. Meanwhile, certain parties develop into bigger parties in the later years. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Indian National Congress (INC) are the two strongest parties in current Indian politics. They represent different political views, right and moderate-left wing, respectively.
Similar with other countries in the world
the political parties in India representing issues which adhere to their political philosophies. Because India itself is a very diverse nation, you will immediately notice how certain party caters to certain group characteristics. It can be based on the religion, ethnicity, http://22.214.171.124 region or even caste (although the caste system has been abolished several years ago but few of its practices still remain). Parties do not always get a long in India. At times, there will be some conflicts which can lead to violence. This creates political instability during sensitive times.
Its democratic system
means that people in India are all involved in its governing process. This involvement is done by holding general election to decide the ruling party and representatives to sit at the lower house or Lok Sabha. Unfortunately, due to some non-reputable practices in the election process, it becomes clear that there are certain families which will sit at the strategic positions of Indian political world. Such case is often dubbed as dynasty politics. This issue is not only specific to India, though. Other nations also struggle to deal with it.
What is important for India at the moment is teaching its people about politics. Although India is the home for some of the world’s greatest minds, many people still do not get a chance at high quality education. This causes them to not make appropriate choice during the election.