Environmental Issue and Regulation in India: The Case of Air Pollution

By | June 1, 2021

India is a vast country which is considered to be one of the most diverse in the world when it comes to bio life. You will be able to find various environmental landscape forms in the country, such as: forest, highlands, swamps, and even desert. Some of these landscapes are still raw and might be considered underdeveloped to some. However, some others are in the risk of being exploited. To make sure that the environment stays as sustained as possible, the Indian government comes up with regulation to protect it from harm. It is also created to protect its people.

One issue that India faces in later decades is air pollution

especially in larger municipalities. International data ranking the most air polluted cities globally noted that 21 cities out of 30 ranked are located in India. The pollution is largely caused by industrial activities and vehicle engines. Its effect is beyond people’s discomfort due to having to inhale unpleasant air. There are health consequences too. It is predicted that air pollution in India’s larger cities causes early deaths in children and people with health predisposition.

Environmental Issue and Regulation in India: The Case of Air Pollution

Environmental Issue and Regulation in India: The Case of Air Pollution

For this particular issue

the government has attempted to pass some laws to reduce the air pollution. In 2019, a plan named National Clean Air Program (NCAP) was initiated. This plan is designed to decrease the PM 2.5 level of more than 100 polluted cities in the country by 20% to 30% within five years. Of course, implementing the plan is difficult as it requires additional laws involving all elements of society. Environmental analysts and economists also warn that slightly wrong moves can put the country’s future at risk.

First of all, because the country’s main contributor for air pollution is industrial activity, the government needs to take action which involves business owners. This does not encompass large corporations but also small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The government has designed parameters of business practice so that it will have less environmental damages. However, this effort encounters several issues, namely lack of reinforcement by the authorities. It is not enough to announce the regulation. The government has to actively monitor business owners from across scales to ensure that they follow through with the regulation.

Environmental Issue and Regulation in India: The Case of Air Pollution

Environmental Issue and Regulation in India: The Case of Air Pollution

The government

also attempts to regulate the vehicle use by its citizens. As noted, gas-fueled vehicles cause major pollution, particularly in crowded cities. There is already a pre-existing regulation which decides the standard of engines used in vehicles produced for the country’s citizens. The vehicles roaming around the streets should adhere to such standards. It is important to understand that because the population of India is quite large, the government faces difficulties in making sure that everyone follows the regulation. From time to time, you would see how people violate it. Moreover, the number of vehicles purchased has increased significantly over the years. This creates another issue that the government must tackle.