The conflict between Arvind Kejriwal and Narendra Modi has been well-known today. However, if we notice their characteristic and strategy, we can find many similarities between these two popular politicians. Although, most of news tell the story about their clash, but we have to admit that their similar part is much more interesting to discuss.
The first similarities are their origin. Both of them are well-known as the national-level politicians from big cities in India. Kejriwal started his political career from New Delhi. As we all know, New Delhi is one of the biggest cities and capital city of India. On the other hand, Modi is politician that built his supporter base in Gujarat, one of the most developed cities in India.
The rise of Kejriwal and Modi popularity was started when the Congress have problem. In the past, Congress held important role and strong political influence in India’s government. The Congress consists of many Maharajas, which is one of the higher social statuses in India, and Yuvraj is the person that led the Congress.
Nowadays, many people see the Congress as the obsolete political practice. Using several people as the central of political world in India is seen to be something that isn’t matched with the politic system in 21st century. The hierarchies system like what the Congress has been adapted isn’t interesting anymore and even many people don’t agree with that. This make the Congress influence fade. Suddenly, their system doesn’t work anymore with the fast changing pace of today’s society in India.
Actually, there was effort to restore the Congress influences and image. The BJP, led by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, try to adapt the modern system. They combine the old system that has been used by the Congress and the modern system that always looking to future to fix the condition. However, it didn’t bring any effect, and even lower the Congress image and value in the eyes of society. This is where Modi, who are also part of BJP enter the stage. He offered new and maybe different political views than what BPJ try to do, but still use the basic that this party used in their movement.
Modi has more modern vision regarding the national politics in Indonesia. Kejriwal also do the same. Modi try to attract people of India by proposing the development-oriented government. With the public-oriented system, he tries to give a hope and something new to India. On the other hand, Kejriwal has different vision or we can say the totally opposite views than what Modi offered.
Modi still hold the caste system that the Congress used before. Kejriwal tried to remove that system. Kejriwal use his urbanized concept which led him to win big in several big cities in India. This is normal, where the people that live in modern environment like big cities, has modern mindset. Thus, make the old system like caste, doesn’t look appealing for them. However, at the village level, Kejriwal can’t talk that much, where the traditional system and culture is relatively stronger.
Although there are some obstacle, it doesn’t means that both of them give up to get the vote from the area where their opponent at their strongest. In order to does this, Kejriwal try to use friendlier concept, by using the class-based politics strategy. On the other hand, Modi used religion to get the support from the big cities, where Kejriwal get most support. Religion itself is still important part of modernized people’s life in India. So, we can see it as one of the best political strategies that Modi ever used to gain the result.